Breakdown Of Propositions

Election day is just around the corner. While many SRHS students can’t vote, it is very important to stay informed and educated on our current political climate. Remember to encourage everyone you know to vote, it is one of the most important rights we have as American citizens.

Article & Photo By: Shai Fichtelberg

Election day is on its way, getting a ballot in the mail can be both an exciting and a daunting thing. As American citizens, it is our right to vote and have our voice heard, but there are so many things on the ballots that can be confusing and scary. Here is a brief overview of the propositions on your ballot to help ease some of the stress:

Proposition 14: Stem cell research funding

What is it?

In 2004, California voters voted to give $3 billion to support scientific research to find treatments for Alzheimer’s, heart disease, cancer, and strokes. This money is now down to $30 million. Proposition 14 will issue $5.5 billion from general obligation bonds into funding the existing stem cell research institute. 

Why you should support it.

Stem cell research is always valuable. Without passing Prop 14, research will be delayed, which could set back treatments and cures.

Why you should not support it.

The institute hasn’t produced the life-saving treatments promised back in 2004, which makes voters uneasy when asked to put more money into the project. 

Proposition 15: Property tax “split roll” for commercial real estate

What is it?

Prop 15 will increase funding sources for public schools, community colleges, and local government services by changing commercial and industrial property tax assessments.

Why you should support it.

Prop 15 makes it harder for corporations to find the property tax loopholes, cuts taxes for small businesses, protects homeowners and renters and reclaims billions of dollars for schools and local communities.

Why you should not support it.

Prop 15 is a $12.5 billion property tax increase that raises the cost of living and makes everything we buy more expensive.

Proposition 16: Repealing the ban on affirmative action

What is it?

Prop 16 would restore affirmative action in California, so universities and government offices could factor in someone’s race, gender, or ethnicity in hiring, spending, and admissions decisions. 

Why you should support it.

Prop 16 gives all Californians equal opportunity, increasing access to fair wages, good jobs, and quality schools for everyone. Prop 16 fights wage discrimination and systemic racism, opening up opportunities for women and people of color. 

Why you should not support it.

Prop 16 would allow discriminating based on race, sex, color, ethnicity, or national origin. The states should treat every Californian equally rather than factoring in ace, sex, color, ethnicity, or national origin.

Proposition 17: Voting rights for felons on parole

What is it?

Restores voting rights to a person who has been disqualified from voting while serving a prison term when prison term is completed.

Why you should support it.

This restores a citizen’s right to vote after they finish their prison term. A recent report found that citizens who get their voting rights back after completing a prison term are less likely to commit future crimes.

Why you should not support it.

Grants violent criminals the right to vote before they have completed their parole, so criminals convicted of awful crimes are voting before their debt to society is paid.

Proposition 18: Allow some 17-year-olds to vote in primaries 

What is it?

Prop 18 will allow 17-year-olds to vote in primary and special elections if they are 18 at the general election time. Many Santa Rosa High School students don’t make the cut to vote in the primaries, but this proposition will allow students the opportunity to have their voices heard.

Why you should support it.

Allowing 17-year-olds to vote in the primary will let them shape their choices when they are 18 and vote in the general election. Many 17-year-olds are dealing with adult activities every day. They should have a say in the issues that affect them.

Why you should not support it.

17-year-olds are still minors, and there is no reason to vote before they are legal adults. Teenagers’ brains are still developing. Therefore they should not be eligible to vote.

Proposition 19: Property tax transfers and inheritances

What is it?

Prop 19 allows homeowners who are over 55, disabled, or wildfire/disaster victims to transfer primary residence’s tax base to the replacement residence. This will change the taxation of family-property transfers and establish the fire protection services fund.  

Why you should support it.

Prop 19 limits taxes on seniors, disabled homeowners, and wildfire victims. Prop 19 will also close tax loopholes used by out of state investors.

Why you should not support it.

Prop 19 is a billion-dollar tax increase on families. It takes away the right of parents to pass their home and property on without a property tax increase.

Proposition 20: Recategorize criminal sentencing charges

What is it? 

Prop 20 would increase penalties for certain property crimes and repeated parole violations and make it more difficult for convicted felons to qualify for early parole and release from prison. 

Why you should support it.

Prop 20 closes a loophole in the law that allows convicted child molesters, sexual predators, and others convicted of violent crimes to be released from prison early. Prop 20 also expands DNA collection to help solve rapes, murders, and other serious crimes.

Why you should not support it.

California already has severe and lengthy sentences for serious and violent crimes. Prop 20 will force drastic cuts to rehabilitation, schools, mental health, and homelessness.

Proposition 21: Rent control

What is it?

Prop 21 allows local governments to establish rent control on residential properties over 15 years old. 

Why you should support it.

Prop 21 will tackle homelessness and keep families in their homes.

Why you should not support it.

Prop 21 will make Califonia’s housing crisis worse, by undermining the statewide rent control law, costs jobs, reduces home values, stops new housing from being built, and eliminates homeowner protections while providing no protections for renters, seniors, veterans, or the disabled.

Proposition 22: Job classification for app-based drivers

What is it?

Makes app-based drivers “independent contractors,” instead of “employees,” and provides independent-contractor drivers compensation.

Why you should support it.

Prop 22 protects app-based drivers’ choice to be independent contractors, saves rideshare, delivery services, and hundreds of thousands of jobs, provides drivers new benefits, earnings guarantee, and strengthens public safety.

Why you should not support it.

Prop 22 denies their driver’s rights and safety protections like sick leave, healthcare, and unemployment. Companies will profit off this while exploiting drivers lose rights and protections.

Proposition 23: Physicians onsite at dialysis clinics

What is it?

Requires physician, nurse practitioner, or physician assistant during dialysis treatment and prohibits clinics from reducing services without state approval. Prop 23 also prohibits clinics from refusing treatment based on payment sources.

Why you should support it.

Stops poor hygiene in dialysis clinics and improves staffing. This will also stop discrimination based on insurance and improves all clinics.

Why you should not support it.

Prop 23 would force dialysis clinics to shut down which threatens the lives of thousands of Californians. Prop 23 would also drastically increase the cost of health care which would make our doctor shortage and ER crowding worse.

Proposition 24: Add new consumer privacy rules

What is it?

Permits consumers to prevent businesses from sharing their personal information, correct inaccurate information, and limit businesses’ use of personal information.

Why you should support it.

Makes privacy laws stronger and protects kids online. Prop 24 will also hold corporations accountable for violating fundamental rights.

Why you should not support it.

Prop 24 will undermine protections in current law and increase the burden on people to protect themselves in ways that will disproportionately harm poor people and people of color. 

Proposition 25: Replace cash bail with risk assessment

What is it?

Prop 25 would end cash bail in California and replace it with a system to determine if a suspect waiting for trial should be held in jail or released. Under this system, a judge would decide if a suspect is dangerous enough to stay in jail or be released.

Why you should support it.

As of right now, bail discriminates against people of color and poor people, so continuing to invest in this system doesn’t contribute to public safety. This prop will help prevent overcrowding in jails as people who are deemed not dangerous will be able to await trials at home rather than locked up, saving taxpayers money.

Why you should not support it.

Prop 25 means defendants would have no incentive to go to court for their trial, which could be a potential danger to communities. Many say prop 25 gives too much power to judges and prosecutors as they will then have the right to file for “preventive detention” if they believe someone is a threat to public safety or won’t show up for their trial.

Now that you know a little bit more about what’s in front of you, vote! I can not stress this enough, if you don’t like something, change it by voting. Also if you are not old enough to vote, tell your family members, tell everyone you know to vote. Voting is so important and I hope now, you feel a little more confident with this upcoming ballot and telling family and friends to vote too. Visit https://voterguide.sos.ca.gov/propositions/ to learn more.

You might also like

LEAVE A COMMENT